The Conspiracy of General Kornilov

General Kornilov

This image features General Lavr Kornilov (August 18, 1870 – April 13 1918) who served during World War I and the Russian Civil War 4,5. However, he is most notably remembered for his attempted coup d’état of Alexander Kerensky’s Provisional Government. Alexander Kerensky (May 4, 1881 – June 11, 1970) himself had planned for the arrival of Kornilov to help strengthen the Provisional Government’s armed forces against that of the dissatisfied lower Russian classes. Since the July Days, the Russian populace had grown skeptical of Kerensky’s government and their ability to handle the economic and social problems of the country as a whole 3. After several correspondences between Kornilov and Kerensky, Kornilov thought it best to install a new regime with himself as a sort of dictator over the Russian Empire 2. The Petrograd Soviet, a city council in Petrograd, were warned of Kornilov’s treachery. They were quickly and efficiently able to muster their defenses against Kornilov. Ultimately, the whole affair ended in utter failure; General Kornilov himself was placed under arrest and sentenced to be incarcerated in the Bykhov Fortress. This event also saw an increase in the amount of distrust in Kerensky’s Provisional Government 4.

With the occurrence of this event, the Provisional Government lost all of its credibility and resulted in its ultimate demise 3. Vladimir Lenin (April 22, 1870 – January 21, 1924) seized power shortly after the Provisional Government’s fall through the Bolshevik October Revolution that occurred on November 7, 1917 1. A few months earlier, Kerensky had released several Bolshevik supporters after their arrest during the events of the July Days. During the Kornilov Affair, Kerensky had to plea to the Petrograd Soviet for their support – this led to the re-militarization of the Bolshevik Military Organization and the release of even more Bolsehvik political prisoners, including Leon Trotsky 4. With the release of these workers, the events of the October Revolution were able to take place. The failure of General Kornilov allowed for the success of the Bolshevik Party to take control of the whole of Russia 3. I believe it was best put by Steven Brust when he stated that, “One man’s mistake is another’s opportunity.” This was definitely the case for the Bolsheviks’ and their October Revolution.

I would personally like to know more about the actual events that had ensued during Kornilov’s Revolt. It was stated several times throughout my research that the event was very fast-paced and confusing for most of the constituents involved. Some initial questions that arose in my mind include:

  1. Why did General Kornilov forsake his position and attempt to overthrow the Provisional Government?
  2. How did the correspondence between Alexander Kerensky and General Kornilov affect his decision to perform a coup d’état?
  3. To what extent did the Bolsheviks’ influence the outcome of this event?

Ultimately, more research into the subject will need to be completed before any of these questions can be answered. Maybe one day we can fully appreciate and understand the full scope of how General Kornilov affected the take over of Russia by the Bolsheviks’.

Works Cited

  1. Freeze, Gregory L. Russia: a History. Oxford University Press, 2009.
  2. Yegorov, Oleg. “The Kornilov Affair: How the Military’s Last Attempt to Stop Revolution Failed.”Russia Beyond, 14 Sept. 2017, http://www.rbth.com/history/326164-kornilov-affair-how-militarys-last.
  3. “Kornilov Affair.” Seventeen Moments in Soviet History, 29 Dec. 2015, http://www.soviethistory.msu.edu/1917-2/kornilov-affair/.
  4. “Kornilov Affair.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Feb. 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kornilov_affair.
  5. “General Kornilov Inspecting Russian Troops, 1st July 1917.” Getty Images, 1 Jan. 1917, http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/general-kornilov-inspecting-russian-troops-1st-july-1917-news-photo/463957205.
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Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii Visits Topornia

Girl with Strawberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863–1944) was a famous pioneer in the art of photography during the early 20th century in Russia. Using his background in chemistry, he was able to give color to images that were initially black and white by utilizing a special technique that he coined himself. He begun his career in photography in 1905, however the majority of the pictures he took are dated between 1908 and 1915. This was made possible through the support by Tsar Nicholas II and the Ministry of Transportation.

The image above was taken in the small town of Topornia which is located on the banks of Silvers Lake. This image features a young, Russian girl that is garbed in traditional clothing wore by peasants at the time this photograph was taken. She is showcasing a plate of wild strawberries that she had collected herself. This image was one in a series conducted by Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii that sought to reveal the lives of the ‘common folk’. In his overarching goal of exploring the Russian Empire as a whole, he wanted to interact with the citizenry and gain a grasp of their livelihoods. If you look closely at this image, it is apparent that the town of Topornia is suffering economically due to the collapsing buildings in the background. Keeping this in mind, the girl herself seems to be well kept and fed – this suggests that she and her family may not be experiencing such hardships as the rest of the town.

After taking a look at this image, several questions arise. What was happening economically during this time period? What was this girl, and her family, doing to avoid such an economic disaster? How long and to what extent did this affect the rest of the Russian Empire? Did Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii capture any more pictures of this economic upheaval and its effects on the peasantry? All of these questions still inquire further research.

Sources:

https://www.wdl.org/en/item/4934/#q=Prokudin-Gorskii+girl&qla=en

http://www.gridenko.com/pg/